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Roles of organic intercalation agent with flame retardant groups in montmorillonite (MMT) in properties of polypropylene composites (pages 872–880)

Three kinds of organic intercalation agent containing flame retardant groups, melamine (MA), triphenylphonium (TPP) chloride, and tetradecyl trihexyl phosphonium (TTP) bromide were intercalated into montmorillonite (MMT) via cation exchange reactions. These modified MMTs are combined with intumescent systems and compounded with PP. The flame retardant and thermal properties of the PP composites are studied. The organic intercalation agents in the layers of MMT play important roles in the char formation and flame retardant properties of PP composites. MA shows a better performance in limiting oxygen index (LOI) value and TPP helps to increase UL‐94 properties, whereas TTP maintains or deteriorates the flame retardancy of polypropylene/intumescent flame retardant (IFR) composites. The LOI and UL‐94 properties increase firstly and then decrease as the content of MMT increases. The MA acts as a blowing agent and emits an inert gas to provide migration impetus, which results in a better intumescent structured and stronger char to endure heat erosion. Although TPP and TTP emit combustible gas that burn, especially for TTP as it has a more flammable aliphatic chain. The synergistic effect between MA‐MMT and IFR is better than that for TPP‐MMT and TTP‐MMT. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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» Author: Hongfang Zhu, Juan Li*, Yingke Zhu andShengjiao Chen

» Reference: Polymers for Advanced TechnologiesVolume 25, Issue 8, pages 872–880, August 2014

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This project has received funding from the European Unionís Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration