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Effects of carbon nanotubes and carbon fiber reinforcements on thermal conductivity and ablation properties of carbon/phenolic composites

Publication date: November 2014
Source:Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 67

Author(s): Joung-Man Park , Dong-Jun Kwon , Zuo-Jia Wang , Jeong-U Roh , Woo-Il Lee , Jong-Kyoo Park , K. Lawrence DeVries

The ablation properties and thermal conductivity of carbon nanotube (CNT) and carbon fiber (CF)/phenolic composites were evaluated for different filler types and structures. It was found that the mechanical and thermal properties of phenolic-polymer matrix composites were improved significantly by the addition of carbon materials as reinforcement. The concentrations of CF and CNT reinforcing materials used in this study were 30vol% and 0.5wt%, respectively. The thermal conductivity and thermal diffusion of the different composites were observed during ablation testing, using an oxygen?kerosene (1:1) flame torch. The thermal conductivity of CF mat/phenolic composites was higher than that of random CF/phenolic composites. Both CF mat and CNT/phenolic composites exhibited much better thermal conductivity and ablation properties than did neat phenolic resin. The more conductive carbon materials significantly enhanced the heat conduction and dissipation from the flame location, thereby minimizing local thermal damage.

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This project has received funding from the European Unionís Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration