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Characteristic cell adhesion behaviors on various derivatives of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and a block copolymer of poly(3-[RS]-hydroxybutyrate) and poly(oxyethylene)

Publication date: January 2015
Source:Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 111

Author(s): C.W. Lee , M. Horiike , K. Masutani , Y. Kimura

A high-molecular-weight ABA tri-block copolymer ([RS]-PHB/PEG), consisting of poly(3-[RS]-hydroxybutyrate) ([RS]-PHB: A) and poly(oxyethylene) (polyethylene glycol; PEG: B), was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of [RS]-?-butyrolactone ([RS]-?BL) in the presence of PEG and 1,3-dichlorotetrabutyldistannoxane (DTD) as the catalyst. By using a series of PHB derivatives including the new block copolymer, cell adhesion was evaluated with 3T3 fibroblast cells. It was found out that the attached cells didn't extend on [RS]-PHB, but extended on [R]-PHB although the numbers of the attached cells were very small on both [RS]-PHB and [R]-PHB. [RS]-PHB/PEG exhibited even poorer cell adhesion than [RS]-PHB because of the increased hydrophilic nature due to the PEG segments. Although the amount of fibronectin adsorbed on the surface of [RS]-PHB was higher than that on the surface of [R]-PHB, the cell adhesion became poorer on the fibronectin-pre-adsorbed [RS]-PHB. These differences in cell adhesion among these PHB derivatives were reasonably attributed to their surface properties related with the accumulation of methyl groups.

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This project has received funding from the European Unionís Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration