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Properties regulation of poly(butylene succinate) ionomers through their ionic group distribution

Publication date: 1 June 2015
Source:Polymer, Volume 66

Author(s): Liang Lv , Fang Wu , Si-Chong Chen , Yu-Zhong Wang , Jian-Bing Zeng

Dihydroxyl terminated poly(butylene succinate) ionomer precursors (Pre-PBSIs) with different ionic group contents were prepared to chain-extend with dihydroxyl terminated poly(butylene succinate) to synthesize high molecular weight poly(butylene succinate) ionomers (PBSIs) with controlled ionic group distributions. The chemical structures and molecular weights of the precursors and PBSIs were characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography. The effect of ionic group distribution on the morphology, thermal behavior, isothermal crystallization kinetics, rheological behavior, and mechanical properties of PBSIs were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), polarizing optical microscopy (POM), wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD), rotational rheometer, and tensile testing. With the increase of ionic group content in incorporated Pre-PBSI, phase separation between PBSI and PBS segments occurred as observed by TEM, the crystallization was improved as investigated by DSC and WAXD, while the complex viscosity and tensile strength decreased as studied by rotational rheometer and tensile testing. All the results indicated that the properties of PBSI can be regulated by the ionic group distribution.
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This project has received funding from the European Unionís Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration