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Blending poly(butylene succinate) with poly(lactic acid): Ductility and phase inversion effects

Publication date: October 2015
Source:European Polymer Journal, Volume 71

Author(s): Y. Deng, N.L. Thomas

Synergistic effects of blending two bio-based, bio-degradable polymers, poly(butylene succinate) (PBS) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) are investigated. A series of melt-blended compounds were prepared at PBS/PLA weight ratios of 0/100, 10/90, 20/80, 40/60, 60/40, 80/20 and 100/0. Thermal properties, crystallinity, melt viscosities, mechanical properties and phase morphology were studied. There was found to be a dramatic improvement in ductility, over 250% elongation-to-break, with as little as 10wt% of PBS added. This was shown to be due to a co-continuous phase morphology, which was determined by the relative viscosities of the components.
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This project has received funding from the European Unionís Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration